Open today 10 am – 5 pm

The Penn Museum is embarking on its largest renovation yet—transforming the Ancient Egypt and Nubia Galleries. While our Egypt Galleries are under construction, there are still plenty of Egyptian artifacts on view.

Ask for the Explore Egypt guides on your next visit.

Statue, Egypt, 305-30 BCE, E14314. On view in Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display

For over a century, archaeologists from the Penn Museum have conducted fieldwork in Egypt and Sudan. These early excavations played a significant role in establishing the museum's collection of Egyptian and Nubian artifacts—one of the largest in the United States. Most of the Egyptian collection comprises excavated objects obtained through the partage system wherein foreign archaeological expeditions working in Egypt shared the discoveries made during excavations with Egypt’s Antiquities Service. The Egyptian collection spans the entirety of ancient Egypt's history, ranging from approximately 4,000 BCE to the 7th century CE.

Explore the extraordinary world of the pharaohs and the timeless cultural legacy of ancient Egypt and Nubia. On view is a remarkable collection of statues, reliefs, and intricate artifacts, providing insight into the art, religion, and daily practices of the ancient Egyptians. From spectacular statues of powerful pharaohs and goddesses to delicate jewelry and exquisitely decorated coffins, each object reflects this vibrant and complex society that thrived along the Nile River. Unravel the mysteries of the afterlife, the significance of hieroglyphs, and the fine craftsmanship of ancient artisans.

What's On View
Canopic jar with jackal head. Statue of kneeling Tutankhamun. Steatite scarab with inscription. Offering table with carvings of food. Painted jar.

During the mummification process, embalmers removed and mummified the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines and stored them in canopic jars. The jackal god Duamutef protected the stomach. The hieroglyphs state that this jar belonged to Hathor, a singer in the temple of the god Herishef. On view in the Sphinx Gallery. E14227A, B

The features and style of this figure suggest it represents Tutankhamun, the famous boy king. Possibly part of a larger statue, the missing arms may have held an offering to a deity. It is cast in black bronze, a relatively rare material, and now only traces of gold remain. On view in Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display E14295

Like the Egyptians, the Phoenicians used carved stones shaped like scarab beetles as amulets and to seal baskets, jars, and documents. This steatite scarab is inscribed with the name of 22nd Dynasty King, Hedjkheperre Setepenre (Sheshonq I). On view in the Eastern Mediterranean Gallery. E13038

This offering table is decorated with images of foodstuffs that could magically serve as a substitute for real food in the afterlife. A common feature in Egyptian tombs, the practice was also adopted in Nubia. The inscription here is in Meroitic, an ancient Nubian language that is only partially readable. On view in the Africa Galleries. E7093

Beautifully decorated painted pottery is a hallmark of the Meroitic culture. The artisans of these vessels combined native Nubian designs with traditional Egyptian iconography as well as classical motifs. A vine decorates the neck, while rosettes and stylized ankhs adorn the shoulder of the vessel. Ankh is the ancient Egyptian word for “life.” On view in the Africa Galleries. E8249

View other Egyptian artifacts on display.

Granite Sphinx of Rameses II.

The Granite Sphinx of Ramses II

On view in the Sphinx Gallery

Excavated by W. M. Flinders Petrie in 1912 near the Ptah Temple at Memphis, the Penn Museum's 13-ton sphinx is the largest sphinx in the Western Hemisphere and the fourth largest outside of Egypt.

Learn More
Kids looking at artifacts.

Epic family fun after dark

Up Late with the Sphinx

Make memories exploring awe-inspiring cultures of the world after hours. Reserve your space for a night at the Museum filled with hands-on workshops, games, a flashlight tour, and a souvenir patch to take home.

People in the Ancient Egypt: Discovery to Display gallery.

Special Exhibitions

Ancient Egypt: From Discovery to Display

From excavation to conservation, examine the journey artifacts take on their way to museum display. See more than 200 fascinating Egyptian artifacts, many of which have never been on view before.

Wedjat eye amulet.

Write Like an Egyptian

Translate your name into hieroglyphs the way an Egyptian scribe might have written it.